Brown spots, also known as sunspots, sun lentigo, or age spots, may appear around the age of 35, sometimes even before wrinkling, but they can also be seen in younger people. Generally safe, many of us want to get rid of it for aesthetic reasons. Most often, brown spots are visible on the face, chest, arms and hands. What are the causes of brown spots? How to prevent the appearance of pigment spots on the face and treat them effectively?
1. Brown spots and hyperpigmentation: what is it?
Brown spots, also known as age spots, sunspots or solar lentigo, are a common form of skin hyperpigmentation. They usually arrive at the age of 40, although they may occur sooner. Of varying size, they have a light brown to black color and are present on the parts most exposed to the sun: forehead, cheeks, chest, back of the hands, shoulders and arms. Generally safe for health, it is necessary to remain vigilant about their possible evolution and do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist if you notice a change in the appearance of the spots (shape, size, color).
The pigment spots are the result of hyperpigmentation characterized by uneven skin pigmentation. It is a common skin condition caused by overproduction of melanin by our cells (melanocytes). Melanin is the natural pigment that gives color to our skin, our hair, our hair and our eyes. It acts as a natural sunscreen that protects our skin from harmful UV rays. Many factors can lead to an increase in the amount of melanin produced by the skin.
2.What are the causes of pigment spots?
- Acne and irritative dermatitis of the skin (atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema): Each irritation or temporary inflammation of the skin that must rebuild/reconstructed can cause a stain that will disappear in a few weeks or even months. Thus, pimples, plaques or repeated itching in the case of eczema and psoriasis stimulate a natural overproduction of melanin during cell regeneration. If the button has been scratched, scraped or squeezed, the stain may be sharper, wider and take longer to disappear.
- Small wounds, cuts, burns: during the healing process of a wound, melanin secretion is triggered naturally. The skin becomes darker and discolours temporarily.
- Overexposure to the sun: the first cause of premature aging of the epidermis and the main cause of hyperpigmentation, each exposure to the sun triggers a production of melanin that acts as a natural solar shield. The skin is colored and bronze. However, excessive UV exposure can disrupt the process of producing melanin, resulting in hyperpigmentation and sun spots.
- Skin aging: With age, the number of cells producing melanin decreases, but the size of the remaining melanocytes increases. The secretion of melanin by these cells is more precise. It is a natural physiological phenomenon that accelerates towards the age of 40, hence the increase in the number of age spots.
- Beauty procedure (chemical peels, dermabrasion, laser treatment): post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and spots may occur after skin aggression and during its healing process.
- Hormonal variations: in pregnant women, areas of hyperpigmentation on the face, known as chloasma, melasma or “pregnancy mask” are common. Causing the tasks: female hormonal influences, including estrogen and progesterone, which lead to an overproduction of melanin, especially when the skin is exposed to the sun. Except during pregnancy, hyperpigmentation can also occur in women taking oral contraceptives but also during menopause that disrupts the hormonal balance and the skin’s ability to regenerate.
- Ingrown hairs: small pimples and spots may appear after shaving the beard in men with mixed skin, matte or black. If the beard hair has a curly structure, it becomes easier to incarnate. Exfoliating your face regularly to avoid hair incarnation helps to prevent the appearance from small pimples and black spots on the skin.
3. How to prevent the appearance of brown spots?
It is often said: prevention is better than cure! Once installed for several years, some stains are difficult to remove. Nitrogen treatments or chemical peels give results but these irritating treatments weaken the epidermis. For newer spots, there are many natural recipes to mitigate them, or even make them disappear completely and prevent their long-lasting appearance. Here are some tips to limit their premature appearance:
- Apply a high sun protection SFP 50+ on the face (even in cloudy weather and renew every 2 hours in bright sunlight / high sun). This is the most effective gesture you can put in place easily to prevent stain formation. Wear a hat and sunglasses from spring to fall, that, in addition to protecting you from harmful UV rays, will give you an amazing style! As much as possible, limit your exposure to the sun and avoid exposure to the most intense hours.
- If a spot begin showing up, leave it alone and resist the urge to pierce or grind it.
- For people with eczema or psoriasis, be sure to moisturize and nourish your skin to calm irritation. Naturally rich in antioxidant and repairing polyphenols and phytosterols, the patented musactif with Yellow Banana contained in the organic Comforting Cream and Precious Radiance Oil combats skin hyperpigmentation and soothes irritated skin.
- To avoid problems of hair incarnation that causes pimples for men, it is recommended to shave every 2 to 3 days and to soothe the skin from razor burn with a balm or an organic aftershave oil with restorative and soothing properties like Precious Nutritive Oil.
4. What to do to reduce existing brown spots on the face naturally?
Even when stains are installed, it is possible to effectively fade them naturally, without using powerful creams or depigmenting treatments that are harmful for the skin because of their aggressivity. Indeed, prolonged use of whitening products such as cortisone or hydroquinone used to permanently lighten the skin, especially black and mixed skin, causes major damage in the medium and long term very difficult to to treat (brown spots, stains branches, irregularities of the complexion).
Thus, remember that you should never seek to whiten a spot or skin but only lighten and unify the complexion. There are very effective natural cosmetic actives that help to reduce blemishes. Here are 3 cosmetic treatments are effective against spots. With a natural composition, they work on the same principle as dermatological care but are formulated with lower concentration and therefore less irritating and without risk. Be patient because the results are only visible from 2 to 3 months of treatment but they are there!
To fight against pigment spots, an effective anti-stain product (serum, cream, mask, lotion …) must have 4 actions:
- An enzymatic exfoliating action with fruit acids or AHA derived from fruit sugars (glycolic acid, lactic acid) or BHA (salicylic acid) that will ensure cell renewal.
AHA peel or fruit acid is often used to overcome small spots. It acts by gentle enzymatic exfoliation. Its AHA concentration in the masks and creams available on the cosmetics market, and much less aggressive that that provided by the dermatologist, the Organic Exfoliating Peeling Mask can be used at home without danger for the skin, because its use is painless and requires no social eviction. It is a gentle and effective treatment to lighten the installed brown spots. After a 10-minute break, one or twice a week depending on the type of skin, it becomes soft and luminous again. Week after week, the spots fade
- A soothing anti-inflammatory action to calm the mechanisms of inflammation, often at the origin of the first spots with Fucocert, a moisturizing and soothing agent that regulates the inflammatory response of reactive skin trough the presence of fructose. It acts also restores the skin’s barrier function. Dry skin will love Comforting Cream, thirsty skins or mixed-to-oily skin will prefer the Radiance Soothing Gel Cream.
- An anti-tyrosinase action, the enzyme involved in the production of melanin with purified lemon water contained in the Bio Clarifying Lotion. To be used in combination with Exfoliating Peeling Mask, its richness in AHA and lemon water with anti-tyrosinase activity enable to lighten the skin in a uniform way without attacking the epidermis. Used in cure of 3 months, in the evening, it also enables to smooth skin texture. This anti-stain ingredient is also at the heart of the formulas of the detoxifying and radiance range MUSALIS (Serum, Day Cream, Night Cream) and the MUSALIFT anti-aging lifting range (Serum, Day Cream, Night Cream).